Bad Fat May Hurt Brain Function Over Time…

... But researchers report that ‘good’ fat may help preserve thinking and memoryobesity

This study supports others that have found an association between saturated fats, the incidence of Alzheimer’s disease and an increased decline in brain function, Samantha Heller, a dietitian, nutritionist, exercise physiologist and clinical nutrition coordinator at the Center for Cancer Care at Griffin Hospital in Derby, said.

“… it appears that the effects of eating a lot of saturated fat and the foods associated with it, such as red and processed meats, cheese and butter, over time creates a cascade effect of ill health.” Read the whole article

Source: HealthDay.com / Picture Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Die immensen Auswirkungen der Muttermilch auf Kind und Mutter

Empfehlung der WHO: ausschließliches Stillen während der ersten 6 Monate, d.h. keine andere Nahrung oder Flüssigkeit ➝ danach neben geeigneter Beikost bis zum Ende des 2. Lebensjahres und darüber
hinaus weiter stillen (solange Mutter und Kind es wünschen)

bei uns werden mit 6 Monaten nur noch 10% der Kinder gestillt (obwohl 85% stillend aus dem
Krankenhaus entlassen werden, danach gibt es aber gleich den ersten Knick ➝ 2 Wochen später werden nur noch 66% gestillt)

Auswirkungen auf die mütterliche Gesundheit:
•schnellere Rückbildung der Gebärmutter ➝ durch Oxytocin
•Anpassung an SchlafS/WachSRhythmus des Kindes ➝ durch Prolaktin
•mehr Gelassenheit, Stressfähigkeit ➝ ebenfalls durch Prolaktin (postnatales Depressionssyndrom
bei stillenden Frauen deutlich geringer)
•schnelleres Erreichen des Gewichtes, das man vor der Schwangerschaft hatte ➝ durch
Milchbildung
•weniger Insulinbedarf bei diabetischen Müttern ➝ weil sie in einer anabolen Phase sind
•positiver Einfluss auf Endometriose
•Laktationsamenorrhoe und Kontrazeption
•stillende Frauen haben während der Laktation eine verringerte Knochendichte, danach kehrt sie
aber wieder zum Ausgangswert zurück
Auswirkungen auf die kindliche Gesundheit:
•Verdaulichkeit der Muttermilch ist gut ➝ fördert die Mekoniumausscheidung (Frühgeborene
haben geringere Neigung zur nekrotisierenden Enterocolitis, wenn sie mit Muttermilch ernährt
werden ➝ Milch passt sich an Bedürfnisse des Kindes an: bei Frühgeborenen andere
Zusammensetzung als bei Termingeborenen)
•weniger Allergien (Asthma)
•weniger DurchfallsS/Atemwegserkrankungen, Otitis media (weniger Paukenröhrchen , … )
•geringeres Risiko für chronischSentzündliche Darmerkrankung (Mb. Crohn, Colitis ulcerosa),
Erkrankungen des rheumatischen Formenkreises (juvenile rheumatoide Arthritis) und Diabetes
mellitus Typ 1
•weniger Inzidenz von kindliche Lymphome und Leukämien
•seltener SIDS, Vernachlässigung (bonding)
•direkte Vorteile im Krankenhaus: kürzere Nahrungskarenz vor und nach geplanter OP (weil
Muttermilch schnellere Darmpassage hat)
•weniger Arbeitsausfall berufstätiger Eltern (Kinder sind seltener krank)
•Muttermilch kostet kein Geld (Formulanahrung kostet etwa 75 Euro pro Monat)
•seltener Übergewicht/Adipositas ➝ je länger ein Kind gestillt wird, desto geringer ist das Risiko für Adipositas (unterschiedlicher Proteingehalt ➝ Muttermilch hat <1 g Protein/100 ml, während
Formulanahrung deutlich mehr enthält, nämlich 1,2S1,3 g/100 ml)

Langzeitauswirkungen auf:
•Blutdruck
•Cholesterinwert
•Adipositas
•Diabetes mellitus Typ 2
•Schulerfolg/Intelligenz

Exercise Beats Diet in Reducing Breast Cancer Risk

exercise

Women who lose weight by exercising and eating better may reduce their risk of breast cancer more than women who lose the same amount of weight through diet alone, according to a new study of postmenopausal women. 

Both exercising and eating better are thought to reduce women’s risk of breast cancer by decreasing body fat and levels of the sex hormones related tobreast cancer, according to the researchers. But the researchers investigated whether there is any additional benefit to exercising, beyond the effect of weight loss in reducing cancer risk.

The results suggest exercising has a stronger effect on breast cancers fueled by hormones, compared with dieting, and also offers additional benefits such as preserving lean body mass, said study researcher Anne Maria May, of the University Medical Center Utrecht, in the Netherlands. “Exercise is the preferred weight loss strategy to decrease breast cancer risk,” May said. [7 Cancers You Can Ward Off with Exercise]

About 240 overweight women, ages 50 to 69, who didn’t regularly exercise participated in the study, presented here this week at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). The women’s goal was to lose 11 to 13 pounds (5 to 6 kilograms) over 16 weeks. About one-third of the women dieted, whereas another third enrolled in an endurance and strength training program, working out for four hours weekly. They also followed a slightly healthier diet, with a small decrease in their calorie intake. The rest of the participants didn’t change their habits, and served as controls for the study.

By the end of the study, women in both the exercising and dieting groups achieved their weight-loss goals. However, the exercising participants preserved their lean body mass (which includes muscles and bones), and reduced more of their body fat, compared with the dieting participants.

Moreover, blood tests showed the exercising participants reduced their levels of estrogen more than dieting participants did. (Many breast cancers need estrogen to grow.) Compared with women in the control group, the exercising women showed decreases in all types of estrogen in the body, whereas women in the diet group showed a decrease in only one type of estrogen, according to the study.

The researchers also found the exercising group showed a benefit in levels of other breast cancer related hormones, such as testosterone. It is likely that physical activity influences sex hormone levels mainly through reducing body fat, May said. The findings demonstrate the importance of exercising for postmenopausal women, she said. Previous studies have shown that lack of physical activity is one of the risk factors for developing breast cancer. Other than influencing the sex hormones, it is possible that exercising affects women’s cancer risk by reducing inflammation in the body, or decreasing levels of the hormone insulin, studies have suggested.

Source: Live Science / Photo: The Prospect

Teach Every Child About Food

To all mothers and fathers, grandparents, aunts and uncles, teachers and all those of you who are in contact with children:

This talk is for you!

Jamie Oliver is fighting to reduce obesity rates in America (and his home country, the U.K.). His passion for this topic jumps off the stage in this TED talk. He’s not afraid to tell us exactly how bad the obesity epidemic is and exactly how much work it’s going to take to fix it.

Jamie Oliver was announced the winner of the TED Prize for 2010. (http://blog.ted.com/2009/12/21/ted_prize_winne_4/)

How to live to be 100+

Really impressive talk on the world’s longest-lived peoples, given by Dan Buettner, National Geographic writer and explorer.


To find the path to long life and health, Dan Buettner and team study the world’s “Blue Zones,” communities whose elders live with vim and vigor to record-setting age. In his talk, he shares the 9 common diet and lifestyle habits that keep them spry past age 100.